Fundacja Naukowa im. Floriana Znanieckiego

Books and articles on F. Znaniecki’s ideas / Prace i książki o twórczości F. Znanieckiego

A list of publications on Florian Znaniecki’s works and ideas until 1985
/ Wykaz publikacji poświęconych twórczości Floriana Znanieckiego do 1985 r.:

PDF: Works on Znaniecki (until 1985) / Prace o Znanieckim (do 1985 r.)
Źródło/Source: Z. Dulczewski. 1986. „Bibliography of works on Florian Znaniecki”, in: Z. Dulczewski (ed.), „A commemorative book in honor of Florian Znaniecki on the centenary of his birth: papers and communiques presented to International Scientific Symposium on 3-4 December 1982 at Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań„. Poznań: Adam Mickiewicz University Press, pp. 325-335.

The examples of contemporary and available online publications on Florian Znaniecki’s ideas
/ Współczesne, dostępne online prace inspirowane twórczością Floriana Znanieckiego (przykłady):

For other contemporary English, German and Polish books published with the support of Florian Znaniecki Scientific Foundation (which are not available online yet), see here. Among this kind of publications we particularly recommend the book of Florian Znaniecki’s disciple: Dulczewski, Zygmunt. 1992. Florian Znaniecki: life and work. Poznań: Wydawnictwo Nakom. ISBN: 8385060367. 316 pp.

/ Książki:

Godlewski, Grzegorz. 1997. Lekcja kryzysu: źródła kulturalizmu Floriana Znanieckiego. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo KR, ss. 216. [Wersja elektroniczna:]

Godlewski, Lekcja-kryzysu

Hałas, Elżbieta, Andrzej Kojder (red.). 2010. Socjologia humanistyczna Floriana Znanieckiego. Przesłanie dla współczesności. Warszawa: Wydawnictwa Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego, ss. 196.

Hałas, Kojder, Socjologia humanistyczna...

Hałas, Elżbieta. 2011. Towards the world culture society. Florian Znaniecki’s culturalism. Frankfurt am Main – Berlin – Bern – Bruxelles – New York – Oxford – Wien: Peter Lang (Studies in Sociology: Symbols, Theory and Society, Vol. 6), pp. 258. [Online version:]

Hałas, Towards the Worls Culture Society

Karnat-Napieracz, Anna. 2009. Tożsamość, czyli Świadomość „redivivus”. Przedm. Hieronim Kubiak. Kraków: Krakowskie Towarzystwo Edukacyjne – Oficyna Wydawnicza AFM (Rejony Humanistyki, nr 5), ss. 349. [Wersja elektroniczna:]

Karnat-Napieracz, Tożsamość czyli świadomość...

Articles, reviews
/ Artykuły, omówienia:

Abbott, Andrew; Egloff, Rainer. 2008. The Polish peasant in Oberlin and Chicago, [in:] American Sociologist, Dec, 2008, Vol.39(4), pp.217-258. [Online version available after subscription:]

This paper examines the historical sources for W. I. Thomas and Florian Znaniecki’s celebrated monograph on The Polish Peasant in Europe and America. It first characterizes the work itself, a monumental interpretive casebook of largely biographical material about individuals and groups. It then seeks the origins of these qualities, looking first at Thomas’s prior work, then at the personal influence of Florian Znaniecki and Robert Park. Since these sources do not sufficiently account for the unique qualities of the work, we then turn to three other important sources: 1) the casebook tradition in the social reform literature and beyond, 2) the psychiatric concept of the life history, and 3) the literary sources that Thomas had taught in his prior career as an English professor. We close by identifying the autobiographical roots of the work in Thomas’s own life history.

Bulmer, Martin. 1986. The Polish Peasant in Europe and America: A Landmark of Empirical Sociology, [in:] M. Bulmer, The Chicago School of Sociology: Institutionalization, Diversity, and the Rise of Sociological Research. Chicago – London: The University of Chicago Press. [Online version:].

Chapoulie, Jean-Michel. 2012. Comment écrire l’histoire de la sociologie: l’exemple d’un classique ignoré, Le paysan polonais en Europe et en Amérique, [dans:] Revue d’Histoire des Sciences Humaines, 2001/2 (no 5), pp. 143-169. [Version en ligne / online version:]

Hałas, Elżbieta. 2005. Klasyczna socjologia kulturowa: nowe odczytanie spuścizny Floriana Znanieckiego, [w:] Studia Socjologiczne, 2005, Issue 3 (178), pp. 5-34. [Wersja elektroniczna dostępna po wcześniejszej subskrypcji:]

It is argued that a renewed reception of the works of the Polish and American scholar should be furthered by the cultural turn in sociology. If the new cultural sociology is to get firm grounds it should go beyond the reaction against structural-functional normativism in search of classic studies of cultural dynamics as those of Florian Znaniecki. The author examines the reasons for blurring the influence of Znaniecki on 20th century sociologists, including Talcott Parsons and Alfred Schütz, and presents an overall review of his contribution to cultural sociology.

Hałas, Elżbieta. 2007. Culture and Power: Possibilities and Responsibilities for the World-Society, [in:] Polish Sociological Review, 2007, Issue 2(158), pp. 145-158. [Online version available after subscription:]

From Znaniecki’s point of view, and alluding to present-day conclusions about the so-called reflexivity of modernity, one would have to say that it is a problematic reflexivity, as long as knowledge about the principles of cultural becoming will be minimal. Znaniecki did not deny the justification of sociological studies that start out from naturalist premises. However, he rightly believed that the dependence of cultural order on natural order is not only shrinking, but the reverse is in fact happening – there is an increasing influence of cultural order on natural order, and the rising complexity of cultural phenomena renders the naturalist approach scientifically less productive. The development of sociology as a cultural science led, according to Znaniecki, to displaying the possibility of a world-society as a society founded on culture, while the development of cultural sciences would be an expression of global responsibility for the world-culture society.

Irek, Małgorzata. 2012. New Wave, Old Ways? Post-accession Migration from Poland Seen from the Perspective of the Social Sciences, [in:] Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis. Studia Sociologica, 2012, Issue IV, vol. 2, pp. 21–30. [Wersja elektroniczna:]

Kmita, Jerzy. 1985. A Humanistic Coefficient of a Activity and the Psychology – Humanities Relations, [in:] J. Brzeziński (ed.), Consciousness: Methodological and Psychological Approaches. Amsterdam: Rodopi, pp. 81-93. [Online version: here]

Kwaśniewski, Jerzy. 2012. Czy istnieje dewiacja społeczna?, [w:] Prace Instytutu Profilaktyki Społecznej i Resocjalizacji, 2012, Issue 19, pp. 63-88. [Wersja elektroniczna:]

Liao, Tim F.; Hronis, Carolyn. 2007. The Polish Peasants and the Sixth Life Course Principle, [in:] Polish Sociological Review, 2007, Issue 2(158), pp. 173-185. [Online version available after subscription:]

In life course studies five principles guide social science researchers: (1) the principle of human development and aging, (2) the principle of human agency, (3) the principle of historical time and space, (4) the principle of timing, and (5) the principle of linked lives. We propose a sixth principle: life course tempo explicitly depends on other life course principles especially the external principles of (2), (3), and (5). Tempo changes may have sociological and psychological consequences. To demonstrate the sixth principle at work, we analyze a sample of the peasant letters both to and from America in Thomas and Znaniecki’s The Polish Peasant in Europe and America, the pioneer life history study of Polish immigrants in early 20th century. Two types of tempo change in transition into first marriage are evident in the letters, waiting/postponement and haste, which resulted from changed historical time and space and reorganized human agency of the immigrants. Thus, this research is inspired by Thomas and Znaniecki’s work on the Polish peasant and Znaniecki’s methodology and in turn uses the Polish peasant letters as data.

Markiewicz-Lagneau, Janina. 1988. Florian Znaniecki: Polish sociologist or american philosopher?, [in:] International Sociology, vol. 3 no. 4 (1988), pp. 385-402. [Online version available after subscription:, doi: 10.1177/026858088003004005]

Znaniecki’s initial interests were mainly philosophical until his collaboration with Thomas. His contribution to The Polish Peasant was predominantly methodological. It was an attempt to synthesise grand theory and empiricism, to recover the legacy of positivism while undertaking its critique. Znaniecki’s epistemology rests on the neo-Kantian demarcation between the natural and the cultural sciences. The latter investigate the relationship of human beings with symbolic objects, i.e. values. Since they live in society, individuals are endowed with a value system which enables them to communicate. Conversely, cultural systems are made up of real flesh-and-blood human beings. Hence the sociologist must study them both as conscious and active subjects in society, and also as objects of interaction. A parallel with Weber may be drawn up, while the contract with Durkheimian sociology is obvious.

Skurjat, Krystyna. 2006. Kultura jako wartość i jako system wartości (CULTURE AS A VALUE AND AS THE SYSTEM OF VALUES), [w:] Analiza i Egzystencja, 01 June 2006, Vol.3, pp.157-174. [Wersja elektroniczna:]

Due to the crisis of natural and mathematical science as well as positivistic philosophy the second half of the nineteenth century saw an increasing search for differences between natural and humanistic cognition. The problems such as what is important, what cultural substances and values shape individual and social consciousness, as well as what is the world of culture as a objective reality also require philosophical explanation. In the face of contemporary culture philosophy basically aims at answering the questions: can cultural transformations be measured by ethical criteria, what can we say about a human being as a subject of culture – creative activities, are there any tests, stating what is culture value and the direction in which cultural transformations should proceed. There exist many variations of culture philosophy just as there are many trends of philosophy itself and many culture labels of varied meaning. The article presents an outlook on culture rising from the tradition of humanistic philosophy by F. Znaniecki and from the spirit of phenomenology. Both these trends understand philosophy as a knowledge of universally significant values.

Tacq, Jacques. 2007. Znaniecki’s Analytic Induction as a Method of Sociological Research, [in:] Polish Sociological Review, 2007, Issue 2(158), pp. 187-208. [Online version available after subscription:]

The Polish sociologist and philosopher Florian Znaniecki, well-known by his research together with W. I. Thomas on Polish immigrants in the United States, explicated the principles of his “analytic induction” in a later publication The Method of Sociology. This is a method in which research units are examined one by one and in which theoretical insights are adjusted to each observation. This process of continuous re-formulation of the research hypotheses completes when new observations do no longer offer new insights, i.e., when theoretical saturation takes place. In this paper a treatment of the original view of Znaniecki is offered. His starting-points “inductive approach, respect for the facts, dynamical fundamental attitude, special treatment of exceptions, attention for validity and intensional approach” are explained, as well as his formulation of analytic induction in four steps and the principle of structural dependence and the principle of causality. Starting from this original view, the advantages and disadvantages of analytic induction are balanced against each other and this method is examined with the aim of application. Critiques of the approach in the period around 1950, by Robinson, Lindesmith and Cressey and, later in time, by Peter Manning, are discussed and additional research examples from Belgium and the Netherlands serve as illustration of the arguments.

Tonso, William R. 2004. How sociology texts address gun control, [in:] Academic Questions, Spring, 2004, Vol.17(2), pp.67-79. [Online version available after subscription:]

Valastro, Orazio Maria. 2001. „Le Paysan Polonais en Europe et en Amérique: récit de vie d’un migrant”. Compte rendu critique, [dans:] Esprit critique, Vol. 3, No. 11. [Version en ligne / online version:].

Wiley, Norbert. 2007. Znaniecki’s Key Insight: The Merger of Pragmatism and Neo-Kantianism, [w:] Polish Sociological Review, No. 158 (2007), pp. 133-143. [Online version available after subscription:]

Znaniecki is difficult to classify theoretically, which may be why his ideas and writings have been neglected. He is a central and perhaps the central figure in American sociological theory. This is because he clarified the sense in which the social is symbolic. In addition his pioneering analysis of ethnic prejudice and racism makes him a central figure in the American reform tradition. The key to understanding his theoretical power is in his having fused or merged neo-Kantianism and pragmatism. This paper explains how Znaniecki achieved this highly creative feat and what consequences it led to.

Wincławski, Włodzimierz. 2006. Józef Obrębski i Józef Chałasiński z Bronisławem Malinowskim i Florianem Znanieckim w tle, [w:] Sprawy Narodowościowe, 2006, Issue 29, ss. 35-48. [Wersja elektroniczna dostępna po wcześniejszej subskrypcji:]

Sociology underwent major changes between both World Wars. Empirical sociology began to dominate and field work conducted according to the methodology of the Chicago School was developing. Similar changes also took place in Polish sociology where developments were influenced by Florian Znaniecki’s sociological school in Poznań. This was also a period of intensive development in ethnological research, due to Bronisław Malinowski’s seminar in the London School of Economics which was attended by many Polish ethnologists and sociologists. The young generation of social scientists soon dominated sociological research. Among the most important of them were sociologist Józef Chałasiński, a student of Znaniecki, and ethnologist Józef Obrębski, a disciple of Malinowski. New developments in field research allowed these two to meet and to cooperate in the field of empirical sociology.

Zaretsky, Eli. 1996. Introduction, [in:] W. I. Thomas, F. Znaniecki, The Polish Peasant in Europe and America: A Classic Work in Immigration History. Urbana – Chicago: University of Illinois Press, pp. IX-XVII. [Online version:]

If you work on Znaniecki’s works and ideas, please write us about your books, articles and other texts.
/ Zachęcamy do przesyłania informacji o publikacjach nawiązujących do prac Floriana Znanieckiego.
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See also
/ Zobacz także:

F. Znaniecki’s works and ideas online / Twórczość F. Znanieckiego online

Our publications / Wydawnictwa Fundacji

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